Ciro Immobile has racked up 27 league goals, with Robert Lewandowski closest in pursuit.

There are a number of different metrics for calculating the top scorer in Europe this season; is it the top domestic league scorer, the top UEFA competition scorer or some other combination?

There are merits to every means of counting; join us as we explore the key leaderboards.

ESM Golden Shoe standings

54 Ciro Immobile (Lazio, ITA) – 27 goals x 2 league multiplier
50 Robert Lewandowski (Bayern München, GER) – 25 x 2
42 Erling Braut Haaland (Salzburg, AUT/Dortmund, GER) – 16 x 1.5, 9 x 2
42 Cristiano Ronaldo (Juventus, ITA) – 21 x 2
42 Timo Werner (Leipzig, GER) – 21 x 2
36 Kylian Mbappé (Paris, FRA) – 18 x 2
36 Lionel Messi (Barcelona, ESP) – 18 x 2
34 Pierre-Emerick Aubameyang (Arsenal, ENG) – 17 x 2
34 Wissam Ben Yedder (Monaco, FRA) – 17 x 2
34 Romelu Lukaku (Inter, ITA) – 17 x 2
34 Jamie Vardy (Leicester City, ENG) – 17 x 2
32 Sergio Agüero (Manchester City, ENG) – 16 x 2
32 Moussa Dembélé (Lyon, FRA) – 16 x 2
32 João Pedro (Cagliari, ITA) – 16 x 2
31.5 Odsonne Édouard (Celtic, SCO) – 21 x 1.5
31 Erik Sorga (Flora Tallinn, EST) – 31 x 1
30 Mohamed Salah (Liverpool, ENG) – 15 x 2
30 Josip Iličić (Atalanta, ITA) – 15 x 2
30 Danny Ings (Southampton, ENG) – 15 x 2
30 Ivan Tričkovski (AEK Larnaca, CYP) – 20 x 1.5
30 Shon Weissman (Wolfsberg, AUT) – 20 x 1.5
28.5 Ilya Shkurin (Zvezda, BLR) – 19 x 1.5
28.5 Alexander Sørloth (Trabzonspor, TUR) – 19 x 1.5
28 Marcus Rashford (Manchester United, ENG) – 14 x 2
28 Jadon Sancho (Dortmund, GER) – 14 x 2
27 Jonathan David (Gent, BEL) – 18 x 1.5
27 Dieumerci Mbokani (Royal Antwerp, BEL) – 18 x 1.5
27 Jean-Pierre Nsame (Young Boys, SUI) – 18 x 1.5
26 Tammy Abraham (Chelsea, ENG) – 13 x 2
26 Karim Benzema (Real Madrid, ESP) – 13 x 2
26 Dominic Calvert-Lewin (Everton, ENG) – 13 x 2
26 Raúl Jiménez (Wolves, ENG) – 13 x 2
26 Sadio Mané (Liverpool, ENG) – 13 x 2
26 Luis Muriel (Atalanta, ITA) – 13 x 2
26 Neymar (Paris, FRA) – 13 x 2
26 Victor Osimhen (LOSC, FRA) – 13 x 2
25.5 Youssef Al Arabi (Olympiacos, GRE) – 17 x 1.5
25.5 Kamil Wilczek (Brøndby, DEN) – 17 x 1.5

2018/19: Lionel Messi (Barcelona, ESP) – 72, 36 x 2
2017/18: Lionel Messi (Barcelona, ESP) – 68, 34 x 2
2016/17: Lionel Messi (Barcelona, ESP) – 74, 37 x 2
2015/16: Luis Suárez (Barcelona, ESP) – 80, 40 x 2
2014/15: Cristiano Ronaldo (Real Madrid, ESP) – 96, 48 x 2

How the figures are calculated
The ESM Golden Shoe rankings are based on league goals scored multiplied by a figure denoting the difficulty ranking of each league, which is calculated using the UEFA coefficient list. Only the top five leagues have a x2 multiplier; middle ranked leagues have a x1.5 multiplier, while the lower-ranked leagues are x1. They officially begin in January.

Top scorers in 2019/20 UEFA Champions League and UEFA Europa League (group stage to final)

11 Robert Lewandowski (Bayern München, UEFA Champions League)
10 Erling Braut Haaland (Salzburg/Dortmund, UEFA Champions League)
6 Serge Gnabry (Bayern München, UEFA Champions League)
6 Diogo Jota (Wolves, UEFA Europa League)6 Daichi Kamada (Frankfurt, UEFA Europa League)
6 Harry Kane (Tottenham Hotspur, UEFA Champions League)
6 Dries Mertens (Napoli, UEFA Champions League)
6 Alfredo Morelos (Rangers, UEFA Europa League)
6 Andraž Šporar (Slovan Bratislava/Sporting CP, UEFA Europa League)
5 Heung-Min Son (Tottenham Hotspur, UEFA Champions League)
5 Gabriel Jesus (Manchester City, UEFA Champions League)
5 Raheem Sterling (Manchester City, UEFA Champions League)
5 Lautaro Martínez (Inter, UEFA Champions League)
5 Kylian Mbappé (Paris, UEFA Champions League)
5 Mauro Icardi (Paris, UEFA Champions League)
5 Memphis Depay (Lyon, UEFA Champions League)
5 Munir (Sevilla, UEFA Europa League)
5 Bruno Fernandes (Sporting CP, UEFA Europa League)

2018/19: Lionel Messi (Barcelona, UEFA Champions League) – 12
2017/18: Cristiano Ronaldo (Real Madrid, UEFA Champions League) – 15
2016/17: Cristiano Ronaldo (Real Madrid) – 12
2015/16: Cristiano Ronaldo (Real Madrid) – 16
2014/15: Lionel Messi (Barcelona), Neymar (Barcelona), Cristiano Ronaldo (Real Madrid) – 10

Top scorers in Europe’s 2019/20 top five domestic leagues

27 Ciro Immobile (Lazio, ITA)
25 Robert Lewandowski (Bayern München, GER)
21 Timo Werner (Leipzig, GER)
21 Cristiano Ronaldo (Juventus, ITA)
18 Kylian Mbappé (Paris, FRA)
18 Lionel Messi (Barcelona, ESP)
17 Pierre-Emerick Aubameyang (Arsenal, ENG)
17 Wissam Ben Yedder (Monaco, FRA)
17 Romelu Lukaku (Inter, ITA)
17 Jamie Vardy (Leicester, ENG)
16 Sergio Agüero (Manchester City, ENG)
16 Moussa Dembélé (Lyon, FRA)
16 João Pedro (Cagliari, ITA)
15 Josip Iličić (Atalanta, ITA)
15 Danny Ings (Southampton, ENG)
15 Mohamed Salah (Liverpool, ENG)
14 Marcus Rashford (Manchester United, ENG)
14 Jadon Sancho (Dortmund, GER)
13 Tammy Abraham (Chelsea, ENG)
13 Karim Benzema (Real Madrid, ESP)
13 Dominic Calvert-Lewin (Everton, ENG)
13 Raúl Jiménez (Wolves, ENG)
13 Sadio Mané (Liverpool, ENG)
13 Luis Muriel (Atalanta, ITA)
13 Neymar (Paris, FRA)
13 Victor Osimhen (LOSC, FRA)
12 Habib Diallo (Metz, FRA)
12 Edin Džeko (Roma, ITA)
12 Mauro Icardi (Paris, FRA)
12 Robin Quaison (Mainz, GER)


2018/19: Lionel Messi (Barcelona, ESP) – 36
2017/18: Lionel Messi (Barcelona, ESP) – 34
2016/17: Lionel Messi (Barcelona, ESP) – 37
2015/16: Luis Suárez (Barcelona, ESP) – 40
2014/15: Cristiano Ronaldo (Real Madrid, ESP) – 48